Changing Tradition of Indian Foreign Policy with Respect to India-Pakistan Antagonism
With the establishment of new political order in India, long-established and orthodox foreign policy of India seems to be undergoing radical change. India has not only been able to strengthen its position in terms of military power but also has emerged as the dominant power in the Asian continent. There was a time when India’s patience was taken for granted when it comes to the matter of foreign policy. Despite being equipped with all sorts of potentialities, India has been facing threats from Pakistan. It has been conspicuous from the very beginning that Pakistan has been resorting to the performance of all these threatful actions with the objective of destabilizing and disintegrating India by separating Kashmir and Punjab from it. This was known as Operation K2 (Kashmir and Khalistan).
However, India has managed to vanquish Pakistan in all the wars. Being defeated in four wars against India, authority of Pakistan decided not to confront Indian army in the battlefield. Rather, it decided to impose proxy wars against India and instigate all those communities in India who have discontent in their hearts against the Government. Consequently, India has been facing internal challenges. However, previous governments had been unable to take drastic measures for subduing these official efforts of waging proxy wars made by Pakistan, except the Governments led by two prominent personalities Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi. It was seen that whenever India faced with problems from Pakistan, it used to run towards the international community backed by the United States of America and its Western allies, despite being aware of the fact that international community will not be able to make comments or take any measures without taking prior permission from the White House.
The situation is quite different now. The conventional war is still on between India and Pakistan. The only difference is that this time, Government of India has resorted to the adoption of the aggressive foreign policy for countering Pakistan. However, the present Government has not yet decided to opt for full-fledged war as it knows very well that steady rate of growth in Indian economy will be affected to a great extent along with the decline in the share market sensex if India goes for war with Pakistan. That is why the present Government has put the diametrical focus on conducting surgical attacks for destroying the terrorist elements of Pakistan. Another change which is noticeable is that there was a time when India used to complain to the international community for acknowledging them about the terrorist and violation of border ceasefire activities of Pakistan. However, the situation took the u-turn in such a way that now Pakistan complains against India for conducting terrorist activities in the soil of Pakistan with special emphasis on the role of Research & Analysis Wings. Moreover, Indian Government has started to give serious thought in reviewing the Indo-West relationship in such a manner that it can generate benefits for India’s foreign policy. Hence, it can be said that Indian Government has started to indulge in out of the box thinking in dealing with the matters pertinent to terrorism. The recent surgical attack conducted in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir is the living example of this. On one hand, the Government has been making sincere efforts in making Pakistan isolated in terms of international diplomacy; on the other hand, it has been resorting to appreciable endeavor in weakening Pakistan economically and politically. In the context of the political measures, it can be said that unlike previous days, the present Government has made every effort in ensuring the acceleration of the destabilization process of Pakistan by utilising Indian intelligence. Consequently, the situation in Baluchistan came into the light and it has become of the major concerns for most of the human rights preachers. In addition to that, Pakistan’s image has been maligned before the world with the re-emergence of long-suppressed separatism and provincialism in Baluchistan, Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, Sindh, Gilgit-Baltistan. The Government of India has played important role in bringing the matters of human rights violation in the United Nations. It has been proved to be utilitarian in gaining diplomatic and strategic advantages over Pakistan. Consequently, the Pakistan has been secluded in the international stage. Moreover, Pakistan does not carry any value in the eyes of the Middle Eastern leaders anymore. The Government of India’s endeavor in generating maximum benefits from Indus Treat is also substantial. It will not only benefit the Indian economy but will also help in weakening the agricultural economy of Pakistan.
Last but, not the least, the present Government has sincerely been able in changing the tradition of praying into that of resorting to counter action. It is understandable that there is no use of praying when the country is Pakistan who nurtures terrorism. Hence, it is the duty of the present Government in showing consistency in the official efforts of isolating Pakistan in the globe with every possible means- be it diplomacy or armed counter terrorist attack.